A while ago you told a story about the Manley government in Jamaica negotiating with the IMF for a structural adjustment loan. If that loan didn't "help", why did they negotiate for it? Why not simply spurn all connections with the IMF if all it does is help foreign creditors and industrialists?
The IMF is a lending institution that gives countries the opportunity to make the adjustments that international investors demand in a period of years rather than months--and its bet is that it's a lot better to take three years to boost exports and shrink imports than it is to have to do it in a month.
The problem (or one problem) is that the IMF is a *lending* institution: this means that it believes it has to get its money back to lend out again in the next financial crisis; this means that the IMF will only lend to you if it is convinced that you are adopting policies that will generate enough of an export surplus for the IMF to be repaid.
Paul Krugman ran a currency crises conference for the NBER last February at which Stanley Fischer said that one of the principal influences on their thinking at the IMF had been the comparison between Mexico 1982 and Mexico 1995. In the 1982 financial crisis the IMF stood back and did little. It let the Mexican government default on its loans. It let Mexico and its creditors sort out which debts were going to be written off and which were going to be repaid. And it took five years before economic growth resumed in Mexico. In the 1995 financial crisis the IMF moved in aggressively, demanding changes in policy to generate an export surplus and lending enough to prevent any default--and growth in Mexico resumed after a year.
Of course Mexico's biggest trading partner--the U.S.--was growing rapidly, and so was American demand for Mexican imports, and the U.S. central bank kept interest rates somewhat lower than it would have otherwise because of the mexican crisis. By contrast East Asia's biggest trading partner--Japan--is sinking into a depression. Exports from the rest of East Asia to Europe and the U.S. are up about 20% over what they were in early 1997, but exports to Japan are down perhaps 20%...