List wasn't really an advocate of autarchy to the same extent as the Nazis. He did think industrialization was a good thing, and that tariffs were needed to prevent the emergence of a tradedeficit that would cause the banking system to collapse (and prices along with it).
A more radical autrachic theory was advanced in 1800 by J.G. Fichte, der Handelstaat Geschlossne (the Closed Commercial State) which has not been translated in English but is available in French and Italian as well as German. Fichte thought that self-sufficiency was the best way to avoid the imperialist excesses of international capitalism, and that as such it was a road to peace. Autarchic theory is deeply rooted in German experience and I think the Nazis could have come up with their ideas with or wihtout List.
-- Gregory P. Nowell Associate Professor Department of Political Science, Milne 100 State University of New York 135 Western Ave. Albany, New York 12222