wages among Canadian Indians

Doug Henwood dhenwood at panix.com
Thu Oct 1 09:32:34 PDT 1998

"The Dimensions of Wage Inequality Among Aboriginal Peoples"


Statistics Canada

Business and Labor Market Analysis

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Paper ID: Statistics Canada Working Paper No. 109

Date: December 1997

Contact: Valerie Thibault

Email: Mailto:thibaul at statcan.ca

Postal: Statistics Canada

Analytical Studies Branch

120 Parkdale Avenue

24th Floor, R. H. Coats Building

Ottawa,Ontario K1A 0T6 CANADA

Phone: (613)951-1804

Fax: (613)951-5403

Hard Copy Paper Requests:

Paper copies may be purchased for $5 per publication by

contacting Statistics Canada, Publications Review Committee,

Analytical Studies Branch, 24th Floor, R. H. Coats Building, 120

Parkdale Avenue, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6

Canada. Phone:(613) 951-6325. Fax:(613) 951-5403.


In addition to confirming a wage gap between Canadian workers as

a whole and those of Aboriginal origin, our research also

generated new findings: there is greater disparity in the

distribution of wages among Aboriginals than among Canadian

workers as a whole, even after allowing for demographic

differences. Our analysis does not stop there. Indeed, this

analysis can hide considerable wage dispersions between

Aboriginal groups since appreciable wage gaps were noted between

these groups. Having said this, wage dispersion is most likely

greater for certain Aboriginal groups than others. Since this

aspect has never been studied before, the purpose of this paper

is to document differences in wage dispersion for the four main

Aboriginal groups. Our results show that North American Indians

living on reserves are the most disadvantaged Aboriginal group

because their earnings are substantially lower than those of the

other groups.

JEL Classification: J31

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